Tijuana, Mexico – Nubia Morazan looked after her one-year-old son as he played outside their tent propped up beneath a freeway overpass just inches from Tijuana car traffic.
It’s been more than 24 hours since Morazan has had a bite to eat, and she is willing to go days more without food if it helps draw attention to the plight of migrants and refugees waiting at the US-Mexico border.
Morazan is one of more than a dozen refugees and activists who started a hunger strike last week to pressure the United States‘ immigration officials to speed up the asylum process that is expected to require most of the more than 6,000 Central Americans, who arrived in Tijuana as part of a mass exodus, to wait at least two months to apply for asylum. The hunger strikers are also calling on the Mexican government to provide work visas while the migrants and refugees wait.
“We need the process to be faster because we don’t have a place to live,” Morazan says.
Those striking rotate every four days, living off only water and oral rehydration salts.
Morazan joined the strike with her husband after the city government closed the converted outdoor sports complex that sheltered thousands of migrants and refugees, and moved those willing to leave to a new shelter 20km away.
“This is a difficult environment for the children here in Tijuana. What we want is to be somewhere where they can study and have a better future,” she told Al Jazeera as her two children, who eat regularly while they join their parents in an encampment just a few metres from the pedestrian border crossing called the Chaparral.
Number 1,592 of 5,000
Rights groups have accused the Trump administration of intentionally stalling the asylum process to try to deter individuals from attempting to enter the US, allegations the government denies.
Last month, President Donald Trump suspended asylum rights for immigrants who try to cross into the US between official ports of entry. A federal judge temporarily blocked the new rules pending a challenge in court.
Additional practices, including metering, the government’s practice of regulating how many people can enter the US to seek asylum, have pushed migrants and refugees like Morazan to take more extreme measures to try to speed up the process.
“We can’t afford to wait considering the circumstances,” said Irineo Mujica, an activist from Tijuana during a press conference kicking off the hunger strike last Thursday. “The hunger strike is a peaceful action to ask for help,” he said.
Across the street from the hunger strike encampment, migrants and refugees manage an informal numbering system in a notebook that keeps track of those in line to turn themselves in to US Customs and Border Protection and request asylum.
Morazan said she’s number 1,592 on the list of 5,000 asylum-seekers. From Honduras, she joined the migrant caravan in mid-October, escaping a violent ex-husband.
“He beat me and treated me horribly. When I left him and met the father of my young son, his friends would call and threaten me,” she said.
After moving multiple times, she says her ex-husband and his fellow gang members still found her and her family. They fled to San Pedro Sula and heard about the caravan.
“It happened so quickly. The fact is, we also are fleeing poverty. My husband made so little in Honduras and it wasn’t enough to raise our two children,” she said.
‘My dream is to enter the US’
Nightclubs and small businesses surround the hunger striker encampment and a steady flow of traffic encircles the small group of tents all day long.
Sammy Contreras, 23, from San Pedro Sula, Honduras, has been on hunger strike for three days. He said while local residents have left them alone for the most part, the group takes turn keeping watch over the night.
Despite being diagnosed with a sinus infection, thanks to the long days walking through varying weather through Mexico, Contreras said he joined the hunger strike because of the desperation many migrants and refugees share in the face of the long wait in Tijuana.
“I decided to volunteer myself so we can all be seen and heard,” he told Al Jazeera. He said in the three days he’s been at the Chaparral crossing, only a few migrants have been able to turn themselves in to the US authorities.
|Migrants and refugees rest as they wait at the El Chaparral port of entry border crossing between Mexico and the United States [Hannah McKay/Reuters]|
Contreras said the hunger strikers are asking that at least 200 migrants and refugees per day be allowed to apply for asylum. Watching from across the street, he said that every day asylum seekers travel from the shelter to try to cross the port of entry to begin the asylum process but are turned away.
The camp hasn’t received a response from the US and Mexican authorities which frustrates Contreras because as asylum seekers “what they need most is a response and options”.
My dream is to enter the US. It’s the dream of many people here.
Nubia Morazan, hunger-striking asylum seeker
Tijuana’s Government Secretary Leopoldo Guerrero told Al Jazeera that the city was aware of the hunger strike but said the local government also wanted the US to clarify how long migrants and refugees had to wait for asylum.
As the cold night air nipped at the members of the camp, Morazan offered a small smile when asked about the prospect of staying in Tijuana should her family be unable to secure asylum.
After travelling more than 3,200km from Honduras, and less than halfway through her hunger strike, she’s steadfast in her determination to reach the US.
“My dream is to enter the US. It’s the dream of many people here,” she said.